Air Marshal William Sholto Douglas

Michael E Haskew explores the life and times of the RAF officer who served in two world wars and became engaged in political manoeuvring at the height of the Battle of Britain.

Commander in Combat and Controversy

Britain of invasion stood loomed alone. The large spectre in the summer of 1940, and to all the world it appeared that Piccadilly Circus might soon echo with the clatter of the Nazi jackboot.

But day after day the courageous young pilots of the RAF’s Fighter Command rose to keep the Luftwaffe at bay, shooting down so many swastika-emblazoned planes that the threat of invasion was thwarted. Without mastery of the air above the English Channel, Hitler’s war machine could not launch Operation Seelöwe (Sea Lion), the amphibious invasion of Britain. The air battle was lost, and the Nazi plan was shelved in September.

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