From the Editor

Yeoman W Peebles, the man responsible for updating HMS Turbulent's Jolly Roger, proudly displays the submarine’s record IWM A14973

Jolly Roger, Skull-and-crossbones, Black Flag and Skull Mark are all names given to an icon that struck fear in the hearts of merchant mariners, a symbol immediately recognisable almost 300 years since the decline of the Golden Age of Piracy. Yet, thanks to an apparent snipe, the Jolly Roger still flies today – no longer as a pirate’s calling card, but as a unique record of success for Royal Navy submariners. Michael E Haskew explores the birth of this unusual tradition and reveals what the symbols stitched into the silk tell us.

Seventy-five years ago this April, HMS Amethyst was steaming to Nanking in China to take position as guardship for the British embassy. She never made it, as she came under fire from communist artillery, trapping her for months. Allen George examines the infamous Yangtze Incident, a courageous story of sailors under siege.

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