JUNE 1917. The Western Front is rocked by a series of massive explosions as an opener to a tactically brilliant British push at Messines, while London, in particular an East End school, falls prey to the devastating effects of a Gotha air raid. Elsewhere, a Canadian officer secures a prominent command role, and the Americans arrive in France.
3 June: The Independent Labour Party hosts a convention in Leeds, together with the Socialist Party, trade unions, and other organisations. They advocate peace and to pledge solidarity with the Russian Revolution. At least 1,150 delegates from democratic organisations such as political parties and suffrage groups attend, including Ramsay MacDonald, Bertrand Russell, Philip Snowden and Sylvia Pankhurst
5 June: 22 German Gotha bombers raid Shoeburyness (Essex), Sheerness, and naval facilities along the River Medway in Kent in daylight. They kill 13 and injure 34. One attacker is downed over Barton Point