Military History with Pete and Gary

No.9

Coming ashore in open rowing boats under fire from modern weapons, almost everything went wrong in the landings at Gallipoli on April 25, 1915.

The separate landings were too far apart to support each other, the bridgeheads were too small, and they faced insuperable logistical difficulties. The Turks could stem the tide and counter-attack, and the campaign never recovered. It was eight painful months before the Allies finally evacuated in January 1916.

The army and navy were badly scarred by Gallipoli. Indeed, when war began in September 1939, it was still widely considered that daylight assaults on defended shores were suicidal. Combined operations were distinctly unfashionable, but after Dunkirk in June 1940, it was clear the war could not be won until British troops had landed on the Continent.

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