Newhaven Fort

A British sailor, on his return voyage from the Crimean War, once wrote: “It is a grand and glorious sight to see how the march of civilization has formed a bond of unity between two nations that have for so many centuries been at war. Those rivals, England and France, full of bitterness, have finally shaken hands across the Channel.”

In those days, life perhaps had three certainties: death, taxes, and war with France. It should come as no surprise then that just six years after Sailor William Pegg penned his incongruous words of reconciliation, the spectre of French invasion once more loomed large over the British isles.

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